Testing / Calibration Laboratory Accreditation System
Laboratory accreditation is a scheme in which an authoritative accreditation body approves laboratories that conform to relevant requirements for their competence to conduct test and calibration in specific technical areas. The aim is to assure the confidence and reliability of the data measured, tested, and calibrated by laboratories. In the most countries in Europe and USA purchasers (users) require suppliers (manufacturers) to attach the test data to products and a lot of suppliers use the data tested by the third-party laboratories independent from relevant parties. In these cases, test reports issued by accredited testing laboratories are value-adding and useful for purchasers and suppliers to effective trade.
Accreditation Body and Testing / Calibration Laboratories
The accreditation body is an organization to evaluate the conformity and competence of laboratories against international standards and guides or other requirements under the laboratory accreditation system. To ensure the international harmonization, the accreditation body itself is required to conform to relevant international standards.
*1 JIS Q17011:2005 Conformity assessment - General requirements for accreditation bodies accrediting conformity assessment bodies
*2 JIS Q17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
*3 JIS Q0034:1997 Quality system guidelines for production of Reference Materials